Summer Palace of Peter I in St. Petersburg was built in 1710-1712 gg. designed by the architect Domenico Trezzini. By the design of facades and interiors of the Summer Palace, architects and sculptors from Western Europe were involved: Andreas Šlûter, Johann-Georg Mattarnovi, Jean-Baptiste-Aleksandr Leblon.
Summer Palace of Peter I has the good fortune. After Peter I palace I never rebuilt, although there have been some losses in the interior. To this day unchanged preserved layout and appearance of the palace, ceiling paintings of allegorical content, individual pieces of furniture - pine wardrobes, tiled stoves and walls painted Dutch tiles, finishing wood paneled rooms of the first floor, interior of Lower and Upper Cook and Green Cabinet unique wind instrument in the Cabinet of Peter I still shows the direction and strength of the wind, and the time. On the second floor standing cabinet Danzig, in which, according to legend, Peter I kept his underwear and boots.
Summer Palace is valuable not only as one of the earliest monuments of St. Petersburg, but also as evidence of flavors, interests, aspirations of Peter I, which were reflected in the features of the architecture of this monument.
For the residence apparatus Peter I rendered habitable chosen and advantageously located at Cape manor between Neva and Erik Nameless (now the Fontanka river), It housed the estate of Swedish Major Erich von Berndt Kono (Konau) - a small house with the economic yard and garden The first time Peter could use for living Kona house, but, perhaps, We had already built his own house for him. Ivan Matveev (Ugriumov), which with 1705 by 1707 g. He oversaw all engineering and construction work on the former Swedish manor, and built a new imperial mansion. That is the building seen in 1710-1711 gg. author of "Description of St. Petersburg and Kronshlot": "Down by the river, - he wrote, - the royal residence, ie a small house in the garden of the Dutch facade, brightly painted with gilded window frames and lead ornaments ".
At the direction of Peter on the site of his former home built stone building designed by architect D. Trezzini. 17 April 1712 g. Peter has moved to the Summer Palace.
After the death of Peter I and, two years later, his wife, Summer Palace plays the king's home. For a time there lived the court attendants, kastelяnsha with prachkami, seamstress. In the reign of Elizabeth, daughter of Peter I, chtivshey memory of his father, the court of the palace servants output, and "decay" mend. Palace start to use as a summer cottage for prominent dignitaries of the time.
On the 200th anniversary of St. Petersburg in the palace was an exhibition of the Petrine era monuments. Of the Imperial Palace, Hermitage, State Archive of portraits and prints were taken, flags, military weapons, furniture and decorative arts, books, blueprints. Bed I from Peter Alexander Nevsky Laura, presented at the exhibition, and it is now at the palace of exposure.
After 1917 g. Palace remained as a historical and architectural monument, but I have not yet had the status of a museum. Four guards guarded and cleaned it. AT 1925 g. The palace was handed over to the historical and community department of the State Russian Museum, and it arranged exhibitions, not associated with the history of the Palace.
FROM 1934 g. Summer Palace of Peter I became an independent museum memorial and the historical and artistic character. At the museum you can see the clothes of Peter I, furniture, paintings and prints, artware Peter's time.
During the Great Patriotic War, the Summer Palace suffered from the impact of the blast wave, but the damage had already eliminated in 1946 city, and the following year the palace - a museum opened to visitors. In 1960 is yy. Palais des undergo a comprehensive restoration by architect A.E.Gessena.
FROM 2004 g. Summer Palace is a member of the State Russian Museum.